Þingvellir National Park

Þingvellir National Park

Explore some of Iceland’s most beautiful and rugged landscape in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Þingvellir National Park.

Due to its historical significance, unique geology and geographical features, it’s a true natural wonder on an international scale.

The Þingvellir area is part of a fissure zone running through Iceland, being situated on the tectonic plate boundaries of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, and the faults and fissures of the area show the rifting of the earth’s crust. Its wide rift valley, floored with young lavas, separates the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate and is riddled with many impressive, yawning and gaping fissures, all trending south west to north east.

Groups really enjoy walking through such an impressive smaller fissure and viewing the fissure walls that rise above them, revealing so clearly the series of lava flows that created this area’s geology. After a refreshing and photogenic stop at Öxarárfoss waterfall – glorious under the summer sun and a glistening extravaganza in a winter freeze – time can be taken to walk through the major Almannagjá fissure.

It was here, in 930 AD, that the world’s oldest parliamentary institution was established. The geographical location was ideal – level land, fresh water, good grazing, easy access via valleys and, most importantly, the ‘sounding board’ of the rock walls of the Almannagjá. Anyone up for trying it out?

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  • Designed to meet the aims of the National Curriculum
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